Federalism

Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865)

Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865)

Abraham Lincoln, by G.P.A. Healy, 1887 – from the White House See also James Madison, Father of the Constitution (1751-1836).     Abraham Lincoln became the United States’ 16th President in 1861, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy in 1863. The son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Lincoln had […]

Virginia, Commonwealth of

Virginia, Commonwealth of

Sic Semper Tyrannis – Thus ever to tyrants The phrase was recommended by George Mason to the Virginia Convention in 1776, as part of the commonwealth’s seal. The Seal of the Commonwealth of Virginia shows Virtue, spear in hand, with her foot on the prostrate form of Tyranny, whose crown lies nearby. The Seal was […]

Political Action Committee / PAC / Leadership PAC (CongressionalGlossary.com)

Political Action Committee / PAC / Leadership PAC (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Political Action Committee / PAC / Leadership PAC Political Action Committee (PAC): A private group organized to elect or defeat government officials or to promote or defeat legislation. PACs are defined and regulated by state and federal law. A leadership PAC is a political action […]

President of the United States / State of the Union (CongressionalGlossary.com)

President of the United States / State of the Union (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms President of the United States / State of the Union The U.S. Constitution, Article 2, Section 1, established the office of the President of the United States, who is the head of the executive branch of the United States government: The executive Power shall be […]

“Requiring Individuals to Obtain Health Insurance: A Constitutional Analysis”

“Requiring Individuals to Obtain Health Insurance: A Constitutional Analysis”

As part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), P.L. 111-148, as amended, Congress enacted a “minimum coverage provision,” which compels certain individuals to have a minimum level of health insurance (i.e., an “individual mandate”). Individuals who fail to do so may be subject to a monetary penalty, administered through the tax code. […]

Amending the Constitution (CongressionalGlossary.com)

Amending the Constitution (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Amending the Constitution     How to Amend the U.S. Constitution     One of the ways in which federalism is most clearly expressed in the Constitution is in the process for its amendment. Nine of the thirteen original states were required to ratify the […]

Necessary and Proper Clause – Article I Section 8, Clause 18 of the Constitution

Necessary and Proper Clause – Article I Section 8, Clause 18 of the Constitution

The United States Constitution The Necessary and Proper Clause is one of Congress’ enumerated powers found in the Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 8., clause 18: (Clause 18 – Necessary and Proper clause) [The Congress shall have Power] To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution […]

Enclave Clause – Article I Section 8, Clause 17 of the Constitution

Enclave Clause – Article I Section 8, Clause 17 of the Constitution

The United States Constitution The Enclave Clause is one of Congress’ enumerated powers found in the Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 8., clause 17: (Clause 17 – Enclave clause) [The Congress shall have Power] To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, […]

Courts – Article I Section 8, Clause 9 of the Constitution

Courts – Article I Section 8, Clause 9 of the Constitution

The United States Constitution The Courts Clause is one of Congress’ enumerated powers found in the Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 8., clause 9: (Clause 9 – Courts) [The Congress shall have Power] To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court; photo credit: REVIVALthedigest Article I courts are those courts created by […]

Fiscal and Monetary Powers – Article I Section 8, Clause 5 and 6 of the Constitution

Fiscal and Monetary Powers – Article I Section 8, Clause 5 and 6 of the Constitution

The United States Constitution The Fiscal and Monetary Powers Clause are two of Congress’ enumerated powers found in the Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 8., clause 5 and clause 6: (Clause 5 – Money) [The Congress shall have Power] To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix […]