The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 11 (11th Amendment)
Amendment XI. (Judicial Limits, Suits Against a State)
Passed by Congress March 4, 1794. Ratified February 7, 1795.
Note: Article III, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by amendment 11.
The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
Federal Jurisdiction (Part 1)
- The Constitution of the United States: Amendments 11-27, from The National Archives
- Eleventh Amendment – CRS Annotated Constitution
- Eleventh Amendment – Wikipedia
- Eleventh Amendment – Findlaw
- The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription – The National Archives
- United States Constitution: Texts, Commentaries, Historical Texts and Judicial Decisions – Law Library of Congress
- The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation – FDsys
- Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, Govinfo.gov
- “Federalism and the Constitution: Limits on Congressional Power,” CRS Report RL30315 (31-page PDF)
- “Superfund and States: The State Role and Other Issues,” CRS Report 97-953 (html)
- “The Americans with Disabilities Act: Eleventh Amendment Issues,” CRS Report RS20472 (8-page PDF)
- “Awards of Attorney Fees by Federal Courts and Federal Agencies,” CRS Report 94-970 (134-page PDF)
- Meta-EE and the Constitution Part 8: Eleventh Amendment
- Suits Against a State – Heritage Guide to the Constitution
The Eleventh Amendment Explained in 3 Minutes: The Constitution for Dummies
A free download of our Pocket Constitution is available on Scribd.
The Eleventh Amendment and Sovereign Immunity
The Judicial Power of the United States: The Eleventh Amendment in American History
Rights, Remedies, and the Impact of State Sovereign Immunity
State Sovereign Immunity: A Reference Guide to the United States Constitution
America’s Unwritten Constitution: The Precedents and Principles We Live By
America’s Constitution: A Biography
What America Was Really Like In 1776
The Bill of Rights: Creation and Reconstruction
The Odd Clauses: Understanding the Constitution Through Ten of Its Most Curious Provisions
Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787-1788
Rehabilitating Lochner: Defending Individual Rights against Progressive Reform
The Upside-Down Constitution
The Founders’ Key: The Divine and Natural Connection Between the Declaration and the Constitution and What We Risk by Losing It
Design for Liberty: Private Property, Public Administration, and the Rule of Law
The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution
The Radicalism of the American Revolution
The Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787
The Essential Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers
The Constitution Made Easy: A Tea Partier’s Guide
The U.S. Constitution: A Reader
The Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution
Original Intent: The Courts, the Constitution, & Religion
Logical Foundations of Constitutional Liberty
The Calculus of Consent
Capitalism and Freedom
The Road to Serfdom
The Anti-Federalist Papers And The Constitutional Convention Debates
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