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Legislation in the form of a concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget, but not requiring the president’s signature. The budget resolution establishes various budget totals, divides spending totals into functional categories (e.g., transportation), and may include reconciliation instructions to designated House or Senate committees.
A concurrent resolution adopted by both houses of Congress as part of the annual budget and appropriations process, setting forth an overall budget plan for Congress against which individual appropriations bills, other appropriations, and revenue measures are to be evaluated. As a plan for Congress, the resolution is not presented to the President for signature and does not have the force of law. Pursuant to § 301 of the Congressional Budget Act, as amended (2 U.S.C. § 632), the resolution is expected to establish, for at least 5 fiscal years beginning on October 1 of the year of the resolution, appropriate levels for the following:
- totals of new budget authority and outlays
- total federal revenues
- the surplus or deficit in the budget
- new budget authority and outlays for each major functional category
- the public debt
- outlays and revenues for Social Security insurance programs
Paul Ryan: A Budget That Trusts the American People
The concurrent resolution generally contains budget levels for the next 5 fiscal years and may contain reconciliation instructions to specified committees. The concurrent resolution most recently adopted may be revised or affirmed before the end of the year to which it applies, as provided in section 304 of the Congressional Budget Act, as amended (2 U.S.C. § 635).
In assisting the Budget Committees in preparing the annual congressional budget resolution, the Congressional Budget Office prepares economic forecasts and projections, baseline budget projections, an analysis of the president’s budget, and policy options.
Sen. Rand Paul Urges Colleagues to Vote for his Budget Resolution – 05/16/12
- Budget Deficit / Budget Surplus
- Congressional Budget Act
- Supplemental Appropriation
- Chapter 4.E. Privileged Business; Chapter 4.K. Final Passage; Chapter 5.N. Final Passage; Chapter 7 – The Congressional Budget and Other Special Cases in Congressional Procedure
- House Budget Committee
- Senate Budget Committee
- Reconciliation (CongressionalGlossary.com)
- President’s Budget (CongressionalGlossary.com)
- “Budget Resolution Enforcement,” CRS Report 98-815 (8-page PDF)
- “Congressional Budget Resolutions: Consideration and Amending in the Senate,” CRS Report R40665 (11-page PDF)
- “Formulation and Content of the Budget Resolution,” CRS Report 98-512 (3-page PDF)
- “The Budget Reconciliation Process: House and Senate Procedures,” CRS Report RL33030 (122-page PDF)
- “The Congressional Budget Process Timetable,” CRS Report 98-472 (8-page PDF)
- “Budget Process and Enforcement,” Parliamentary Boot Camp (4-page PDF)
- “Open Rules and Appropriations Bills,” Parliamentary Boot Camp (4-page PDF)
- “The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 and an FY2019 Budget Resolution,” CRS Report R45157 (34-page PDF)
- “Deeming Resolutions: Budget Enforcement in the Absence of a Budget Resolution,” CRS Report R44296 (26-page PDF)
- “Provisions in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 as an Alternative to a Traditional Budget Resolution,” CRS Report R43535 (17-page PDF)
- “The Budget Resolution and Spending Legislation,” CRS Report R40472 (14-page PDF)
- “The Budget Resolution and the Senate’s Automatic Discharge Process,” CRS Insight IN11693 (5-page PDF)
- Principles of Federal Appropriations Law, GAO’s Red Book – GAO
- Congressional Operations Briefing – Capitol Hill Workshop
- Drafting Federal Legislation and Amendments
- Writing for Government and Business: Critical Thinking and Writing
- Custom Training
- Congressional Operations Poster, with Federal Budget Process Flowchart
- Federal Budgeting, a Five-Course series on CD
- Congress, the Legislative Process, and the Fundamentals of Lawmaking Series, a Nine-Course series on CD
The Federal Budget Process 2E
Citizen’s Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials: A Guide for Citizen Lobbyists and Grassroots Advocates
CongressionalGlossary.com, from TheCapitol.Net
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