Concurrent Resolution on the Budget
photo credit: JPC24
The Concurrent Resolution on the Budget is often referred to as the Congressional Budget.
A concurrent resolution adopted by both chambers of Congress as part of the annual budget and appropriations process, setting forth an overall budget plan for Congress against which individual appropriations bills, other appropriations, and revenue measures are to be evaluated. As a plan for Congress, the resolution is not presented to the President for signature and does not have the force of law. Pursuant to section 301 of the Congressional Budget Act, as amended (2 U.S.C. § 632), the resolution is expected to establish, for at least 5 fiscal years beginning on October 1 of the year of the resolution, appropriate levels for the following:
- totals of new budget authority and outlays,
- total federal revenues,
- the surplus or deficit in the budget,
- new budget authority and outlays for each major functional category,
- the public debt, and:
- outlays and revenues for Social Security insurance programs.
The concurrent resolution generally contains budget levels for the 5 fiscal years and may contain reconciliation instructions to specified committees. The concurrent resolution most recently adopted may be revised or affirmed before the end of the year to which it applies, as provided in section 304 of the Congressional Budget Act, as amended (2 U.S.C. § 635). (See also Concurrent Resolution; Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974.)
2017-009 Markup of the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2018
- H.Con.Res.71 – Establishing the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2018 and setting forth the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2019 through 2027. Congress.gov
- Concurrent Resolution on the Budget, FY2012, H. Rpt. 112-58 to accompany H. Con. Res. 34 – FDsys
- Budget of the United States Government – Govinfo.gov
- “Federal Budget Process Reform in the 111th Congress,” CRS Report R40113 (21-page PDF)
- “Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information,” CRS Report RL30297 (47-page PDF)
- “Congressional Budget Resolutions,” CRS Report RL33122 (27-page PDF)
- “Formulation and Content of the Budget Resolution,” CRS Report 98-512 (3-page PDF)
- “Overview of the Congressional Budget Process,” CRS Report RS20368 (3-page PDF)
- “The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 and an FY2019 Budget Resolution,” CRS Report R45157 (34-page PDF)
- “House Committee Markups: Manual of Procedures and Procedural Strategies,” CRS Report R41083 (220-page PDF)
- “Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2017,” CRS Report R40480 (18-page PDF)
- “Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues,” CRS Report R40957 (64-page PDF)
- “Budget Process and Enforcement,” Parliamentary Boot Camp (4-page PDF)
- “Budget Enforcement Procedures: The Senate Pay-As-You-Go (PayGO) Rule,” CRS Report RL31943 (28-page PDF)
- Congressional Operations Briefing – Capitol Hill Workshop
- Drafting Federal Legislation and Amendments
- Writing for Government and Business: Critical Thinking and Writing
- Custom, On-Site Training
- Congressional Operations Poster, with Federal Budget Process Flowchart
- Federal Budgeting, a Five-Course series on CD
- Congress, the Legislative Process, and the Fundamentals of Lawmaking Series, a Nine-Course series on CD
The Federal Budget Process 2E
Citizen’s Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials: A Guide for Citizen Lobbyists and Grassroots Advocates
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