The term, named for Senator Robert C. Byrd (D-WV), refers to an amendment to the Congressional Budget Act that bars the inclusion of extraneous matter in any reconciliation legislation considered in the Senate. This provision defines different categories of extraneous matter in any reconciliation legislation considered in the Senate.
The purpose of the Byrd Rule is to limit the contents of reconciliation measures.
Senator Robert Byrd on the Use of Reconciliation
The rule governs consideration of reconciliation bills or a conference report thereon (and any resolution changing the enrollment of a reconciliation bill) and allows any Senator to make a point of order that a provision in a reconciliation bill is “extraneous matter” and is subject to being stricken, unless overridden by a vote of 60 Senators.
The Federal Budget Process
Under the Byrd Rule, a reconciliation bill may not contain a provision that
- does not produce a change in outlays or revenues
- does produce a change in outlays or revenue but the reporting committee is not in compliance with its instructions
- is outside the jurisdiction of the reporting committee
- produces a change in outlays or revenues which is “merely incidental” to the substance of the provision
- increases the deficit beyond the budget window covered by the bill
- and recommends changes in social security.
- Budget Resolution (CongressionalGlossary.com)
- Byrd Rule – Wikipedia
- “The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate’s ‘Byrd’ Rule,” CRS Report RL30862 (44-page PDF)
- “The Budget Reconciliation Process: Stages of Consideration,” CRS Report R44058 (16-page PDF)
- “Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2017,” CRS Report R40480 (18-page PDF)
- “Senate Rules Restricting the Content of Conference Reports,” CRS Report RS22733 (9-page PDF)
- “Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process,” CRS Report 97-865 (21-page PDF)
- “Oil and Gas Activities Within the National Wildlife Refuge System,” CRS Report R45192 (27-page PDF)
- Congressional Operations Briefing – Capitol Hill Workshop
- Drafting Federal Legislation and Amendments
- Writing for Government and Business: Critical Thinking and Writing
- Custom, On-Site Training
- Congressional Operations Poster, with Federal Budget Process Flowchart
- Federal Budgeting, a Five-Course series on CD
- Congress, the Legislative Process, and the Fundamentals of Lawmaking Series, a Nine-Course series on CD
The Federal Budget Process 2E
Citizen’s Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials: A Guide for Citizen Lobbyists and Grassroots Advocates
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