Committee Jurisdiction (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms

Committee Jurisdiction

The subjects and functions assigned to a committee by rule, resolution, precedent, or practice, including legislative matters, oversight and investigations, and nominations of executive officers.

In the Senate, Rule XXV establishes jurisdiction for standing committees in the Senate. Senate Rule XXVII, paragraph 1, provides:

Except as provided in paragraph 3, in any case in which a controversy arises as to the jurisdiction of any committee with respect to any proposed legislation, the question of jurisdiction shall be decided by the presiding officer, without debate, in favor of the committee which has jurisdiction over the subject matter which predominates in such proposed legislation; but such decision shall be subject to an appeal.

In the House, Rule X establishes jurisdiction for standing committees in the House. House Rule X, paragraph 1, provides in part:

There shall be in the House the following standing committees, each of which shall have the jurisdiction and related functions assigned by this clause and clauses 2, 3, and 4. All bills, resolutions, and other matters relating to subjects within the jurisdiction of the standing committees listed in this clause shall be referred to those committees, in accordance with clause 2 of rule XII, as follows….

Also see § 5.80, Committees and Subcommittees, § 6.31, Sample Jurisdictional Agreement, in Congressional Deskbook.

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