When Congress adjourns for more than three days, authority is often provided the Speaker and President Pro Tempore (or the Senate Majority Leader) to reconvene Congress at an earlier date to address an emergency or important issue. This authority is provided in the concurrent resolution authorizing the conditional adjournment.
H. Con. Res. 15 — “Providing for a conditional adjournment of the House of Representatives and a conditional recess or adjournment of the Senate.”
- Adjournment Sine Die (CongressionalGlossary.com)
- Adjourn for More than Three Days (CongressionalGlossary.com)
- Lame Duck / “Lame Duck” Session (CongressionalGlossary.com)
- § 9.50, Legislation Effective within Congress: Simple and Concurrent Resolutions, in Congressional Deskbook
- Chapter 8.J. Recess and Adjournment in Congressional Procedure
- “Lame Duck Sessions of Congress, 1935-2018 (74th-115th Congresses),” CRS Report R45154 (34-page PDF)
- “The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor,” CRS Report RL30725 (22-page PDF)
- Congressional Operations Briefing – Capitol Hill Workshop
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Legislative Drafter’s Deskbook: A Practical Guide
Citizen’s Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials: A Guide for Citizen Lobbyists and Grassroots Advocates
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