From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms
The Senate, as distinct from the House of Representatives, although each body is a “house” or “chamber” of Congress. Established by the Constitution, Article I, Section 3. The size of the Senate, currently 100 members, is established by the Constitution (“The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State….”). Each member of the Senate is called “Senator”.
The Senate chamber and Senate Office Buildings are on the north side of the Capitol.
See “A Note About Usage: ‘Congress’.”
When members of the Senate and Senate staff speak of “the other body,” they are speaking of the House.
Also see A Note About Usage, “Congress”; Congressional Leadership and Committees; Filibuster; House; Impeach / Impeachment; President of the Senate; Senate Chamber; Senate Classes; Senate Floor; Senate Journal; Senate Manual; Senate Office Buildings (SOB); Senate Rules (Senate); Senate Salaries and Perquisites; Senator; Senatorial Courtesy; Treaties; § 5.70 Senate Leadership, § 6.04 Selected Procedures: House and Senate Rules, § 6.150 House and Senate Compared, § 6.180 Senate Calendars and Legislative and Executive Business before the Senate, § 6.210 Consideration and Debate on the Senate Floor, § 6.250 Voting in the Senate, § 11.20 How to Follow Floor Proceedings in the Senate, in Congressional Deskbook; Chapter 5. Senate Floor, in Congressional Procedure.
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- “The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the Senate Floor,” CRS Report RS20722 (14-page PDF)
- “Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 to 2020: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President,” CRS Report RL33225 (58-page PDF)
- “Evolution of the Senate’s Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History,” CRS Report RL31948 (19-page PDF)
- “Supreme Court Nominations: Senate Floor Procedure and Practice, 1789-2011,” CRS Report RL33247 (53-page PDF)
- “Senate Administrative Officers and Officials,” CRS Report 98-418 (4-page PDF)
- “Presiding Officer: Senate,” CRS Report RS21553 (5-page PDF)
- “Expulsion and Censure Actions Taken by the Full Senate Against Members,” CRS Report 93-875 (35-page PDF)
- “How Measures Are Brought to the Senate Floor: A Brief Introduction,” CRS Report RS20668 (10-page PDF)
- “Senate Floor Procedure: A Summary,” CRS Report 97-368 (53-page PDF)
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