Senate (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms

Senate

The United States Senate in the Senate Chamber, 108th Congress, 2003. Credit: U.S. Senate Photo Studio

The United States Senate in the Senate Chamber, 108th Congress, 2003. Credit: U.S. Senate Photo Studio

The Senate, as distinct from the House of Representatives, although each body is a “house” or “chamber” of Congress. Established by the Constitution, Article I, Section 3. The size of the Senate, currently 100 members, is established by the Constitution (“The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State….”). Each member of the Senate is called “Senator”.


U.S. Capitol - Senate on north side, House on south side

U.S. Capitol - Senate on north side, House on south side


The Senate chamber and Senate Office Buildings are on the north side of the Capitol.

See “A Note About Usage: ‘Congress’.”

When members of the Senate and Senate staff speak of “the other body,” they are speaking of the House.

Also see A Note About Usage, “Congress”; Congressional Leadership and Committees; Filibuster; House; Impeach / Impeachment; President of the Senate; Senate Chamber; Senate Classes; Senate Floor; Senate Journal; Senate Manual; Senate Office Buildings (SOB); Senate Rules (Senate); Senate Salaries and Perquisites; Senator; Senatorial Courtesy; Treaties; § 5.70 Senate Leadership, § 6.04 Selected Procedures: House and Senate Rules, § 6.150 House and Senate Compared, § 6.180 Senate Calendars and Legislative and Executive Business before the Senate, § 6.210 Consideration and Debate on the Senate Floor, § 6.250 Voting in the Senate, § 11.20 How to Follow Floor Proceedings in the Senate, in Congressional Deskbook.

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