Under the Constitution (Article I, Section 3), the vice president serves as President of the Senate. He may vote in the Senate in the case of a tie but is not required to. The President Pro Tempore (and others designated by him) usually perform these duties during the vice president’s frequent absences from the Senate.
Also see President of the Senate / President Pro Tempore; A Note About Usage: ‘Congress’; Presiding Officer; § 5.70, Senate Leadership, and § 6.210, Consideration and Debate on the Senate Floor, in Congressional Deskbook.
- Vice President of the United States (President of the Senate) – U.S. Senate
- Vice President of the United States – Wikipedia
- Congressional Leadership and Committees
- “Contingent Election of the President and Vice President by Congress: Perspectives and Contemporary Analysis,” CRS Report R40504 (24-page PDF)
- “Walker v. Cheney: Statutory and Constitutional Issues Arising From the General Accounting Office’s Suit Against the Vice President,” CRS Report RL31397 (22-page PDF)
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