Congress, the Legislative Process, and the Fundamentals of Lawmaking Series

Capitol Learning Audio Course Congress, the Legislative Process, and the Fundamentals of Lawmaking Series How the House and Senate Establish Policy, Make Law, and Reconcile Differences Nine Courses With Chris Davis This nine-session course gives you a comprehensive look at the organization and practices of the U.S. Congress. Learn about the procedures of the U.S. … Read more

Parliamentary Procedure of the U.S. Senate: Debate and Amendment

Capitol Learning Audio Course Parliamentary Procedure of the U.S. Senate: Debate and Amendment With Robert Dove Learn about the two characteristics of the U.S. Senate that set it apart from the House of Representatives: the right to debate and the right to amend. Topics include: Recognition Non-debatable questions Limiting debate Cloture Amendment process Available as … Read more

Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs / OIRA (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs / OIRA The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA, pronounced “oh-eye-ruh”) is a federal office established by Congress in the 1980 Paperwork Reduction Act. It is part of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which is an … Read more

Budget Authority (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Budget Authority photo credit: Carly & Art The key terms of federal spending are budget authority, obligations, outlays, and spendout rate. Congress and the president enact budget authority in law. Budget authority allows federal agencies to incur obligations, such as entering into contracts, employing personnel, … Read more

“Emergency” Spending / Emergency (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms “Emergency” Spending / Emergency photo credit: vonderauvisuals Spending with the “emergency” designation does not count against budget caps. While often used for one-time, unforeseen events, this designation has also been used to circumvent budget limits. For example, spending for the census has been designated as … Read more

Concurrent Resolution on the Budget (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Concurrent Resolution on the Budget photo credit: JPC24 The Concurrent Resolution on the Budget is often referred to as the Congressional Budget. A concurrent resolution adopted by both chambers of Congress as part of the annual budget and appropriations process, setting forth an overall budget … Read more

Budget Act (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Budget Act photo credit: phauly The common name for the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act of 1974, which established the current budget process and created the Congressional Budget Office. The act also put limits on presidential authority to refuse to spend appropriated money. Titles I-IX … Read more

Public Debt / Debt Ceiling / Debt Limit (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Public Debt / Debt Ceiling / Debt Limit     Debt Limit – A Guide to American Federal Debt Made Easy     Public Debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or … Read more

Basic Federal Budgeting Concepts and Terminology

The federal budget process typically involves a rather complex series of legislative and executive procedures and various financial transactions. photo credit: Evelyn Proimos The term Revenue refers to income that is received by the federal government. (The executive branch also uses receipts as a term for revenue.) Revenue may be raised from a variety of … Read more

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 27 (27th Amendment – Limiting Congressional Pay Increases)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 27 (Twenty-Seventh Amendment) Amendment XXVII. (Limiting Congressional Pay Increases) Originally proposed Sept. 25, 1789. Ratified May 7, 1992. No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of representatives shall have intervened.     The 27th Amendment Explained: … Read more