A Guide to Introduced Measures and Other Markups

Whenever hearings are completed a committee may meet to mark up a measure. The language of the original measure will be analyzed line by line or section by section and then marked up or changed and amended. photo credit: withassociates The easiest way to conduct a markup is to use an introduced measure. In this … Read more

The 7 Types of Congressional Hearings

If you have been called to testify before a Congressional hearing or think that you might be called to do so in the future, it can be helpful to have a basic understanding of the various types of Congressional hearings and their purposes. photo credit: Tarter Time Photography The main purpose of any Congressional hearing … Read more

Capitol Hill Workshop Election 2010 – 3-day workshop in Washington, DC

Election 2010: Capitol Hill Workshop: Intensive 3-day course following the 2010 Elections Capitol Hill Workshop: 2010 Election is of particular interest to anyone needing more background on how Capitol Hill really works and who needs early insight into the 112th Congress and the administration. You will leave this workshop with a solid understanding of: Congressional … Read more

Proposing Legislation to Congress

Federal legislation is introduced as a proposal by either a Senator or a Representative in the House of Representatives. Before a bill can actually become a law, the proposal must be passed by the Senate as well as the House by a majority vote. It must then be signed into law by the president, or … Read more

Taxing and Spending Power – Article I Section 8, Clause 1 of the Constitution

The United States Constitution Also see “Amendment 16 (Sixteenth Amendment – Income Tax)“ The Taxing and Spending Clause is found in the Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 8., clause 1: (Clause 1 – Power to tax and spend) [The Congress shall have Power] To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, … Read more

The Commerce Clause – Article I Section 8, Clause 3 of the Constitution

The United States Constitution The Commerce Clause is one of Congress’ enumerated powers found in the Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 8., clause 3: (Clause 3 – Commerce power) [The Congress shall have Power] To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;   The … Read more

How to Contact Congress

Congress receives more than 86.9 million pieces of snail mail annually, and more than 200 million emails each year. How effective are these communications? Joshua Tauberer, the creator of research tool GovTrack says that in his personal experience: […] what Congressional staff say is that two things happen with letters and other communications. First, Representatives … Read more

Advice for Congressional Interns

Are you contemplating a stint as a Congressional intern? Most of these internships are not paid, but the competition for them is still high. Some of the most powerful people in Washington began their careers as interns on Capitol Hill. Former Vice President Dick Cheney began his political career as an intern for Rep. William … Read more