Chinese America

photo credit: besar bears The truth is that early Chinese immigrants in California and the rest of the West were no different from white Europeans. They embarked on the transpacific journey with ambition that a contemporary Chinese folk song called “as deep as the ocean and as high as the sky.” They were just as … Read more

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 14 (Fourteenth Amendment – Citizenship Rights, Privileges or Immunities, Due Process, Equal Protection, Apportionment of Representatives, Civil War Disqualification and Debt )

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 14 (14th Amendment) Amendment XIV. (Citizenship Rights, Privileges or Immunities, Due Process, Equal Protection, Apportionment of Representatives, Civil War Disqualification and Debt) Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868. Note: Article I, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of the 14th … Read more

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 13 (Thirteenth Amendment – Abolition of Slavery)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 13 (13th Amendment) Amendment XIII. (Abolition of Slavery) Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865. Note: A portion of Article IV, section 2, of the Constitution was superseded by the 13th amendment. Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime … Read more