Committee of the Whole (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Committee of the Whole photo credit: flowercarole The Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, more often referred to as the “Committee of the Whole,” is the House of Representatives operating as a committee on which all 435 House members serve. … Read more

Pair / Logrolling (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Pair / Logrolling photo credit: dno1967b A pair is a voluntary, informal arrangement that two lawmakers, usually on opposite sides of an issue, make on recorded votes. In many cases the result is to subtract a vote from each side, with no effect on the … Read more

Sino-Americana

photo credit: World Economic Forum [Ezra] Vogel ends his new account of the Paramount Leader [Deng Xiaoping] by asking: ‘Did any other leader in the 20th century do more to improve the lives of so many? Did any other 20th-century leader have such a large and lasting influence on world history?’ Deng Xiaoping and the … Read more

Chinese Restaurants

Restaurants have a very long history in China. At a time when fine food in western Europe was confined to a handful of great monasteries, the Song Dynasty capital, Kaifeng, supported hundreds of commercial food businesses and a rich gourmet culture…. photo credit: C John Thompson Some of the city’s restaurants were so renowned that … Read more

Chinese America

photo credit: besar bears The truth is that early Chinese immigrants in California and the rest of the West were no different from white Europeans. They embarked on the transpacific journey with ambition that a contemporary Chinese folk song called “as deep as the ocean and as high as the sky.” They were just as … Read more

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 14 (Fourteenth Amendment – Citizenship Rights, Privileges or Immunities, Due Process, Equal Protection, Apportionment of Representatives, Civil War Disqualification and Debt )

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 14 (14th Amendment) Amendment XIV. (Citizenship Rights, Privileges or Immunities, Due Process, Equal Protection, Apportionment of Representatives, Civil War Disqualification and Debt) Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868. Note: Article I, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of the 14th … Read more

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 13 (Thirteenth Amendment – Abolition of Slavery)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 13 (13th Amendment) Amendment XIII. (Abolition of Slavery) Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865. Note: A portion of Article IV, section 2, of the Constitution was superseded by the 13th amendment. Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime … Read more