George Mason, “Grandfather of the Bill of Rights” (1725-1792)

George Mason is known, together with James Madison, as the “Father of the Bill of Rights.” However, George Mason would be better named the “Grandfather of the Bill of Rights” since the basis for the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution was the Virginia Declaration of Rights. That all men are born equally free … Read more

“Requiring Individuals to Obtain Health Insurance: A Constitutional Analysis”

As part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), P.L. 111-148, as amended, Congress enacted a “minimum coverage provision,” which compels certain individuals to have a minimum level of health insurance (i.e., an “individual mandate”). Individuals who fail to do so may be subject to a monetary penalty, administered through the tax code. … Read more

“Proper Etiquette for When You’re Under Arrest”

From “Proper Etiquette for When You’re Under Arrest” by Adam Martin, The Atlantic Wire, April 6, 2012 #1: Be polite, respectful, and professional with the cops, even if they’re being jerks to you. #2: Don’t say anything to the cops that you don’t have to. #3: Answer the questions they need to process you. #4: … Read more

Filibuster / Unlimited Debate (CongressionalGlossary.com)

Filibuster / Unlimited Debate Creative Commons License photo credit: PatrickRohe When a senator is recognized to speak on a pending measure, few limitations are placed on her. Debate is generally unlimited on all pending measures. A senator may yield to another senator for a question, but the senator still controls the floor. One of the … Read more

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 10 (Tenth Amendment – Rights Reserved to the States and People)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 10 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (10th Amendment) Amendment X. (Rights Reserved to the States and People) The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the … Read more

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 9 (Ninth Amendment – Non-Enumerated Rights)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 9 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (9th Amendment) Amendment IX. (Non-Enumerated Rights) The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.   9th Amendment – Michael Badnarik Bill of Rights Class   … Read more

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 8 (Eighth Amendment – Cruel and Unusual Punishment)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 8 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (8th Amendment) Amendment VIII. (Cruel and Unusual Punishment) Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.   8th Amendment – Michael Badnarik Bill of Rights Class   More The Constitution … Read more