Congressional Procedure, Additional Resources, Chapter 7 /

Congressional Procedure
Congressional Procedure
A Practical Guide to the Legislative Process in the U.S. Congress: The House of Representatives and Senate Explained
By Richard A. Arenberg


Additional Resources


Pocket Constitution


Previous: Chapter 6 – Resolving Differences Between the House and Senate


Chapter 7 – The Congressional Budget and Other Special Cases

A. Introduction
B. 1974 Budget Act
C. The Congressional Budget Resolution
D. Reconciliation Bills
E. The “Byrd Rule”
G. Authorizations
H. Appropriations
I. Government Shutdown
J. Debt Ceiling
K. Earmarks
L. Other Fast-Track Legislation
M. Congressional Review Act
N. The War Powers Resolution
O. Impoundment and Rescissions
P. Line-Item Veto


Chapter 7. The Congressional Budget and Other Special Cases
7. A. Introduction


Funding the Government: The Budget Process and Omnibus Spending Bills



Cutting Spending the BRAC Way


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7. B. 1974 Budget Act


The History of the 1921 and 1974 Budget Acts


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7. C. The Congressional Budget Resolution

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7. D. Reconciliation Bills


Reconciliation in Congress


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7. E. The “Byrd Rule”


Arcane Byrd Rule Poses Hurdle for Senate Tax Bill


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The Truth about Sequestration


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7. G. Authorizations


Appropriations with Expired Authorizations | Senate Budget Committee


  • Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1961-FY2021,” CRS Report 98-756 (50-page PDFPDF)
  • Frequently Asked Questions About CBO Cost Estimates, CBO
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    7. H. Appropriations


    David Hawkings’ Whiteboard: How Appropriations is Supposed to Work



    Funding the Government: The Budget Process and Omnibus Spending Bills [Article I Initiative]



    David Hawkings’ Whiteboard: Continuing Resolutions


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    7. I. Government Shutdown


    The Government Shutdown Explained: American Government Review


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    7. J. Debt Ceiling


    The Debt Ceiling Explained: Why You Should Care



    David Hawkings’ Whiteboard: What’s the Debt Ceiling?



    Treasury bond prices and yields | Stocks and bonds | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy



    What Is the Debt Ceiling? |Ron’s Office Hours | NPR


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    7. K. Earmarks


    Earmarks, pork barrel projects and logrolling


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    7. L. Other Fast-Track Legislation

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    7. M. Congressional Review Act


    Can Congress still use the Congressional Review Act?


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    7. N. The War Powers Resolution


    The War Powers Resolution Explained: US History Review


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    7. O. Impoundment and Rescissions

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    7. P. Line-Item Veto


    Fact Check: What’s the deal with the line-item veto?



    Line item veto: June 25, 1998


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    Next: Chapter 8 – Additional Congressional Responsibilities and Procedures


    Congressional Procedure

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