Federal Budget Process – CRS Reports

The Budget Control Act of 2011, CRS Report R41965, August 19, 2011 (52-page PDF) Budget “Sequestration” and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules, CRS Report R42050, June 13, 2013 (35-page PDF) The Budget Control Act of 2011: Budgetary Effects of Proposals to Replace the FY2013 Sequester, CRS Report R42675, November 9, 2012 (15-page PDF) The … Read more

Understanding Congressional Budgeting and Appropriations, 1-day course in DC, from TheCapitol.Net

Understanding Congressional Budgeting and AppropriationsFederal Budgeting in the Age of Deficits Who has the most to gain in the budgeting process? Where are you most effective? Where does your power lie in the budget process? Topics covered include The Budget Control Act of 2011 and Sequestration and the President’s Budget submission. This real-world overview of … Read more

Budget Deficit / Budget Surplus (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Budget Deficit / Budget Surplus   Lesson 1 National Debt & Budget Deficit Explained   The relationship between spending and revenues is reflected in the surplus or deficit figure. A surplus is an excess of revenues over outlays, while a deficit is an excess of … Read more

Statutory Limit on the Public Debt / Budget Control Act of 2011 (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Statutory Limit on the Public Debt / Budget Control Act of 2011 The maximum amount, established in law, of public debt that can be outstanding. The debt limit covers virtually all debt incurred by the Federal Government (primarily the Treasury Department), including borrowing from trust … Read more

Date Shifting / Fiscal Transparency / Fiscal Illusion (Congressional Glossary)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Date Shifting / Fiscal Transparency / Fiscal Illusion One of the budgetary maneuvers used by Congress. Congress can shift scheduled payments for contracts, or even for federal employee salaries, by a few days in order to move expenditures from one fiscal year to another. For … Read more

Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 P.O. Arnäs The Budget Enforcement Act of 1990, Pub. L. No. 101-508, title XIII, 104 Stat. 1388, 1388-573 (Nov. 5, 1990), was adopted to replace the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act of 1987, as a response to the budget crisis that persisted through … Read more

Public Debt / Debt Ceiling / Debt Limit (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Public Debt / Debt Ceiling / Debt Limit   Debt Limit – A Guide to American Federal Debt Made Easy   Public Debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The … Read more

Federal Debt (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Federal Debt   The Debt Ceiling Explained: Why You Should Care   The federal debt consists of public debt, which occurs when the Treasury of the Federal Financing Bank (FFB) borrows money directly from the public or other funds or accounts, and government debt / … Read more

Expense (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Expense   Achieving Transparency And Accountability In Federal Spending (Part 1 of 2)   Outflow or other depletion of assets or incurrences of liabilities (or a combination of both) during some period as a result of providing goods, rendering services, or carrying out other activities … Read more

Budget Process (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Budget Process photo credit: irina slutsky Established by the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act of 1974, the budget process refers to the steps necessary for adoption of a concurrent resolution on the budget, thereby creating the framework for consideration of appropriations bills and authorizing legislation. … Read more