Tag: Federalism

Recent CRS Reports, Early-October 2013

Recent CRS Reports, Early-October 2013

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions, CRS Report RL32760, September 27, 2013 (49-page PDF) Government Shutdown: Operations of the Department of Defense During a Lapse in Appropriations, CRS Report R41745, October 7, 2013 (37-page PDF) EPA Standards for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Power Plants: Many Questions, Some […]

Posted in: Congress, CRS
“Requiring Individuals to Obtain Health Insurance: A Constitutional Analysis”

“Requiring Individuals to Obtain Health Insurance: A Constitutional Analysis”

As part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), P.L. 111-148, as amended, Congress enacted a “minimum coverage provision,” which compels certain individuals to have a minimum level of health insurance (i.e., an “individual mandate”). Individuals who fail to do so may be subject to a monetary penalty, administered through the tax code. […]

Amending the Constitution (CongressionalGlossary.com)

Amending the Constitution (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms Amending the Constitution     How to Amend the U.S. Constitution     One of the ways in which federalism is most clearly expressed in the Constitution is in the process for its amendment. Nine of the thirteen original states were required to ratify the […]

Federal Financial Support for State and Local Governments

Federal Financial Support for State and Local Governments

Federal assistance provided to states, local governments and Indian tribes can take the form of grants, loans, loan guarantees and tax subsidies. Such assistance is intended to provide these entities with the ability to address national objectives. photo credit: CountyLemonade One of the most common forms of financial support provided to states and localities is […]

Necessary and Proper Clause – Article I Section 8, Clause 18 of the Constitution

Necessary and Proper Clause – Article I Section 8, Clause 18 of the Constitution

The United States Constitution The Necessary and Proper Clause is one of Congress’ enumerated powers found in the Constitution of the United States, Article. I. Section. 8., clause 18: (Clause 18 – Necessary and Proper clause) [The Congress shall have Power] To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution […]

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 10 (Tenth Amendment – Rights Reserved to the States and People)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 10 (Tenth Amendment – Rights Reserved to the States and People)

The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 10 (Amendments 1-10 are known as the Bill Of Rights) (10th Amendment) Amendment X. (Rights Reserved to the States and People) The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the […]

The Constitution of the United States, Article. VI. Debts, Supremacy, Oaths

The Constitution of the United States, Article. VI. Debts, Supremacy, Oaths

The United States Constitution Article. VI. (Debts, Supremacy, Oaths) All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all […]

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 4. Republican Government

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 4. Republican Government

The United States Constitution Article. IV. (The States) Section. 4. (Republican Government) The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence. […]

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 3. New States

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 3. New States

The United States Constitution Article. IV. (The States) Section. 3. (New States) New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of […]

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 2. State Citizens, Extradition

The Constitution of the United States, Article. IV. Section. 2. State Citizens, Extradition

The United States Constitution Article. IV. (The States) Section. 2. (State Citizens, Extradition) The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States. A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, […]