Congress by the Numbers – 2013

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113th Congress, 1st Session (2013)

CongressByTheNumbers.com

 

Also see

 

Capitol Switchboard: 202-224-3121


113th Congress, New Members, House of Representatives
List of freshman class members of the 113th United States Congress – Wikipedia


Current Party Numbers: 113th Congress, 1st Session

House Senate
Democrats 200 53
Independents 0 2
Republicans 231 45
Vacancies 4 0

 

Sources: Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives and Wikipedia.

See also

For a table showing party control of the 80th through the 112th Congresses, see the Congressional Deskbook, § 5.51.

But wait! There’s more!

 

Congress by the Numbers
2013
PDF

113-1 (through Sept. 30, 2013)
2012

PDF
112-2
2011

PDF

112-1
2010

PDF

111-2
2009

PDF

111-1
2008

PDF

110-2
2007

PDF

110-1
2006

PDF
109-2
2005

PDF
109-1
2004

PDF
108-2
2003

PDF
108-1

Days in Session
Senate 112 153 170 158 191 184 190 138 159 133 167
House 118 152 175 127 159 118 164 101 140 110 133

Time in Session
(hours, rounded)
Senate 794 930 1102 1075 1421 989 1376 1028 1222 1032 1454
House 554 725 993 879 1247 890 1478 850 1067 879 1015
Average Length Daily Session (hours) Senate 7.1 6.1 6.5 6.8 7.4 5.4 7.2 7.4 7.7 7.8 8.7
House 4.7 4.8 5.7 6.9 7.8 7.5 9.0 8.4 7.6 8.0 7.6

Bills/Resolutions Introduced
Senate 1874 2014 2447 1506 3380 1590 3033 2302 2616 1318 2398
House 3719 3381 4468 3098 5691 3225 6194 2451 5703 2338 4616
TOTAL 5593 5395 6903 4604 9071 4815 9227 4753 8321 3656 7014

Public Laws Enacted
Number 36 148 90 258 125 278 138 248 169 300 198
% of total
Introduced
0.64 2.76 1.30 5.6 1.38 5.8 1.5 5.2 2.03 8.21 2.82

Recorded Votes
Senate 211 251 235 299 397 215 442 279 366 216 459
House 1 505 658 949 660 987 688 1186 541 671 544 677
TOTAL 322 909 1184 959 1384 903 1628 820 1037 760 1136

Vetoes
0 0 0 1 0 4 5 1 0 0 0
Overridden 0 0 3 1 0

Source: Resumes of Congressional Activity
1 Includes quorum calls
2 Includes pocket vetoes
3 Does not include line-item vetoes

See also

  • On legislative volume,” by Matt ,,,, October 12, 2011. Chart “that plots the number of public laws passed by October 1 of the first session of Congress vs. the number of laws passed during the remaining 15 months of the Congress. It plots the past 19 Congresses (93rd-111th) and a predicted value for the 112th (labeled in purple).”
  • 20-Year Comparison of Senate Legislative Activity – from the Senate (1-page PDFPDF)

A summary of the Resumes of Congressional Activity from 1995 – 2004 appeared in Appendix 8 of the Congressional Deskbook 2005-2007, and is available here as an Excel spreadsheet.


House versus Committee of the Whole


House


Committee of the Whole


Established by Constitution (Article I, Section 2)

Established by House rule for consideration of a specific measure

Mace raised

Mace lowered

Speaker presides

Chair of Committee of the Whole presides (appointed by Speaker)

One-hour rule

Five-minute rule for amendments; special rule from Rules Committee dictates procedure, after adoption of rule by House

Quorum of 218

Quorum of 100

One-fifth of members (44 with minimum quorum to trigger a recorded vote

25 members to trigger a recorded vote

Motion for previous question in order

Motion for previous question not in order; motion to limit or end debate may be offered

Motion to recommit in order

Motion to recommit not in order

Motion to reconsider in order

Motion to reconsider not in order

Routine business of House in order

Routine business of House not in order

Differences between the House and the Senate At-a-Glance


House


Senate


Larger – 435 members

Smaller – 100 members

Districts based on population

Two Senators from each state

Shorter term – 2 years

Longer term – 6 years

All stand for election every 2 years

6 year terms are staggered, 1/3 stand for election every 2 years – “continuing body”

At least 25 years of age when seated

At least 30 years of age when seated

Originates revenue legislation

Executive business (Treaties by 2/3, nominations)

Four calendars (Union, House, Private, and Discharge)

Two calendars (Legislative and Executive)

Less procedural flexibility / more restraints

More procedural flexibility / fewer restraints

Rules adopted each Congress (every 2 years)

Rules continuously in effect

Stronger Leadership – power less evenly distributed

Weaker Leadership – power more evenly distributed

Role of Rules Committee and special rules to govern floor consideration

Unanimous consent and complex unanimous consent time agreements to govern floor consideration

Scheduling by Speaker and majority-party leadership, with limited consultation among members

Scheduling by majority-party leadership, with broad consultation among all members

Germaneness of amendments generally required

Germaneness of amendments rarely required

Presiding officer has considerable discretion in recognition; rulings rarely challenged

Presiding officer has little discretion in recognition; rulings frequently challenged

Debate always restricted

Debate rarely restricted

Debate-ending motions by majority vote (218 representatives)

Cloture invoked by three-fifths vote (60 senators)

Quorum calls permitted in connection with record votes

Quorum calls permitted almost any time and used for constructive delay

Narrower constituency – House District

Larger constituency – entire state

Elections generally less competitive

Elections generally more competitive

Specialists

Generalists

Less reliant on staff

More reliant on staff

Less media coverage

More media coverage

More partisan

Less partisan

Adjourns at end of day

Recesses at end of most days

Salary: 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012: $174,000; 2013: $174,000
2008: $169,300
2006 and 2007: $165,200 (2005: $162,100)
For more information, see Pay and Perquisites of Members of Congress

Salary:  2009, 2010, 2011, 2012: $174,000; 2013: $174,000
2008:  $169,300
2006 and 2007: $165,200 (2005: $162,100)
For more information, see Pay and Perquisites of Members of Congress

House and Joint Committee Ratios
113th Congress, 1st Session

Committee(Committee name = official web site | W = Wikipedia) Republicans Democrats
Agriculture | W
25 20
Appropriations | W 29 24
Armed Services | W 34 28
Budget | W 22 17
Education and Workforce | W 24 18
Energy and Commerce | W 30 24
Ethics | W 5 5
Financial Services | W 33 29
Foreign Affairs | W 25 21
Homeland Security | W 18 15
House Administration | W 6 3
Intelligence, Permanent Select | W 12 6
Judiciary | W 23 17
Natural Resources | W 26 21
Oversight & Government Reform | W 23 16
Rules | W 9 4
Science, Space and Technology | W 22 17
Small Business | W 14 11
Transportation and Infrastructure | W 33 26
Veterans’ Affairs | W 14 11
Ways and Means | W 22 16

Joint Committee Ratios

Joint Committee House Senate
Republicans Democrats Democrats Republicans
Economic | W 6 4 6 4
Library | W 3 2 3 2
Printing | W 3 2 3 2
Taxation | W 3 2 3 2

Senate Committee Ratios
113th Congress, 1st Session

Committee (Committee name = official web site | W = Wikipedia) Democrats Republicans
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry | W 11 9
Appropriations | W 16 14
Armed Services | W 14 12
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs | W 12 10
Budget | W 12 10
Commerce, Science, and Transportation | W 13 11
Energy and Natural Resources | W 12 10
Environment and Public Works | W 11 8
Finance | W 12 11
Foreign Relations | W 9 8
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions | W 13 10
Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs | W 9 7
Judiciary | W 10 8
Rules and Administration | W 10 8
Small Business and Entrepreneurship | W 10 8
Veterans Affairs | W 8 6
Indian Affairs | W 8 6
Select Ethics | W 3 3
Select Intelligence | W 8 7
Special Aging | W 11 9

 

 

 


 

 

 

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