Pro Forma Session (

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms

Pro Forma Session

Senator Jim Webb (D-VA) chairs this 9-second session of the United States Senate on December 26, 2007, to prevent recess appointments by President Bush.


From the Latin, meaning “as a matter of form.” A brief meeting (sometimes only several seconds) of the House or Senate in which no business is conducted. It is held usually to satisfy the constitutional obligation that neither chamber can adjourn for more than three days without the consent of the other.

Also see Adjourn for More than Three Days; Pro Forma Amendment; Recess; Terms and Sessions of Congress.



Senate Session 2011-12-20 (11:00:44-11:01:07)





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