From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms
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Collections that are offset against gross outlays but are not authorized to be credited to expenditure accounts. Offsetting receipts are deposited in receipt accounts. Like offsetting collections, they result from (1) businesslike transactions or market-oriented activities with the public, (2) intragovernmental transfers, and (3) collections from the public that are governmental in nature but required by law to be classified as offsetting receipts.
Offsetting receipts are offsets to gross budget authority and outlays, usually at the agency or subfunction level, but some are undistributed and are offsets to budget authority and outlays in the aggregate.
Unlike offsetting collections, offsetting receipts cannot be used without being appropriated. Trust fund offsetting receipts are permanently appropriated and, therefore, can be used without subsequent annual appropriation legislation. (See Permanent Authority under Timing of Legislative Action under Budget Authority; Trust Fund Receipt Account under Trust Fund Accounts under Account in the President’s Budget.) The Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended by the Budget Enforcement Act (BEA) of 1990, defines offsetting receipts and collections as negative budget authority and the reductions to it as positive budget authority. (See also Offsetting Collections; Reimbursement.)
Offsetting receipts are collections credited to general fund, special fund, or trust fund receipt accounts. They offset gross outlays at the agency or Government-wide level and may be distributed or undistributed. Distributed offsetting receipts offset the outlays of the agency, while undistributed offsetting receipts offset Government-wide outlays. Typically, distributed offsetting receipts offset the outlays of the agency that conducts the activity generating the receipts and the subfunction to which the activity is assigned. This line item on the SBR (19C) should include all distributed offsetting receipts for the agency. (Refer to OMB Circular A-136, Financial Reporting Requirements.)
Offsetting Governmental Receipts is a term used by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to designate receipts that are governmental in nature (e.g., tax receipts, regulatory fees, and compulsory user charges) but are required by law to be classified as offsetting.
Panel 1: The History of the 1921 and 1974 Budget Acts
- Quarterly Distributed Offsetting Receipts by Department Report – Treasury Department
- OMB Circular A-136, Financial Reporting Requirements (2017) – OMB (124-page PDF )
- “Guide to Reporting Distributed Offsetting Receipts on the Statement of Budgetary Resources ,” Treasury Department
- Outlays and offsetting receipts 1962-Current – Public Budget Database from Data.gov
- OMB Circular A-11, Section 20, Terms and Concepts (2018) – OMB (45-page PDF )
- “Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview,” CRS Report R41726 (45-page PDF )
- “Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Summary of Recent Trends,” CRS Report 98-972 (24-page PDF)
- “Mandatory Spending Since 1962,” CRS Report RL33074 (23-page PDF)
- “Third Treasury Report on Regulatory Relief: Asset Management and Insurance,” CRS Insight IN10830 (4-page PDF)
- Congressional Operations Briefing – Capitol Hill Workshop
- Drafting Federal Legislation and Amendments
- Writing for Government and Business: Critical Thinking and Writing
- Custom, On-Site Training
- Congressional Operations Poster, with Federal Budget Process Flowchart
- Federal Budgeting, a Five-Course series on CD
- Congress, the Legislative Process, and the Fundamentals of Lawmaking Series, a Nine-Course series on CD
The Federal Budget Process 2E
Citizen’s Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials: A Guide for Citizen Lobbyists and Grassroots Advocates
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