The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 25 (Twenty-Fifth Amendment)
Amendment XXV. (Presidential Disability and Succession)
Passed by Congress July 6, 1965. Ratified February 10, 1967.
Note: Article II, section 1, of the Constitution was affected by the 25th amendment.
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.
Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.
Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.
Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.
The 25th Amendment Explained: American Government Review
- The Constitution of the United States: Amendments 11-27, from The National Archives
- Twenty-fifth Amendment – CRS Annotated Constitution
- Twenty-fifth Amendment – Wikipedia
- Twenty-fifth Amendment – Findlaw
- Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, Govinfo.gov
- Chapter 8.H. 25th Amendment in Congressional Procedure
- Election Capitol Hill Workshop
- Mid-Term Election
- “7 stages of the office seeker“
- Vice President
- President Pro Tempore
- President of the Senate
- Presidential Succession (CongressionalGlossary.com)
- Presidential Succession Act, Senate
- Presidents of the United States
- “The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the Senate Floor,” CRS Report RS20722 (17-page PDF)
- “https://www.google.com/search?q=CRS+RL31761/“>Presidential and Vice Presidential Succession,” CRS Report RL31761 (17-page PDF)
- “The President-Elect: Succession and Disability Issues During the Transition Period,” CRS Report RS22992 (8-page PDF)
- “Continuity of Operations (COOP) in the Executive Branch: Issues in the 109th Congress,” CRS Report RL32752 (26-page PDF)
- “Continuity of Congress: Enacted and Proposed Federal Statutes for Expedited Election to the House in Extraordinary Circumstances,” CRS Report RL32958 (16-page PDF)
- “Continuity of Government: Current Federal Arrangements and the Future,” CRS Report RS21089 (8-page PDF)
- Presidential Succession – Heritage Guide to the Constitution
President Richard Nixon – Address Announcing Resignation
50th Anniversary of the 25th Amendment: February 10, 1967
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Papers on Presidential Disability and the Twenty-Fifth Amendment: By Medical, Historical, and Political Authorities
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Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787-1788
Rehabilitating Lochner: Defending Individual Rights against Progressive Reform
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The Essential Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers
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The Road to Serfdom
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