The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 13 (13th Amendment)
Amendment XIII. (Abolition of Slavery)
Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865.
Note: A portion of Article IV, section 2, of the Constitution was superseded by the 13th amendment.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The American Constitution’s Limitations on Abolishing Slavery
- The Constitution of the United States: Amendments 11-27, from The National Archives
- Thirteenth Amendment – CRS Annotated Constitution
- Thirteenth Amendment – Wikipedia
- Thirteenth Amendment – Findlaw
- The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription – The National Archives
- United States Constitution: Texts, Commentaries, Historical Texts and Judicial Decisions – Law Library of Congress
- The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation – FDsys
- Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, Govinfo.gov
The Journey of Your Past | National Geographic
- “Federalism and the Constitution: Limits on Congressional Power,” CRS Report RL30315 (31-page PDF)
- “Ratification of Amendments to the U.S. Constitution,” CRS Report 97-922 (7-page PDF)
- “Congress’ Power to Legislate Control Over Hate Crimes,” CRS Report RS22335 (7-page PDF)
- “Trafficking in Persons: U.S. Policy and Issues for Congress,” CRS Report RL34317 (84-page PDF)
- “Mauritania,” CRS In Focus IF11444 (6-page PDF)
- “Human Trafficking and Foreign Policy: An Introduction,” CRS In Focus IF10587 (6-page PDF)
- Meta-EE and the Constitution Part 10: Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments
- Abolition of Slavery – Heritage Guide to the Constitution
- “The Reconstruction Amendments: Essential Documents, a Follow-up to The Founders’ Constitution,” by Kurt Lash, Reason, April 19, 2021
American Heritage- KKK Lynching (killing) Republicans
A free download of our Pocket Constitution is available on Scribd.
Our Pocket Constitution: details on our web site.
Tea with Spencer Wells, director of the Genographic Project
The Civil War (DVD)
The World the Civil War Made (The Steven and Janice Brose Lectures in the Civil War Era)
The Negro’s Civil War: How American Blacks Felt and Acted During the War for the Union
The Civil War Trilogy Box Set: With American Homer: Reflections on Shelby Foote and His Classic The Civil War: A Narrative
Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment
The Human Family Tree
Journey of Man (DVD)
The Thirteenth Amendment and American Freedom: A Legal History
Lincoln and Freedom: Slavery, Emancipation, and the Thirteenth Amendment
Deep Ancestry: Inside The Genographic Project
The Myth of Race: Our DNA Defines Who We Are
DNA USA: A Genetic Portrait of America
America’s Unwritten Constitution: The Precedents and Principles We Live By
America’s Constitution: A Biography
What America Was Really Like In 1776
The Bill of Rights: Creation and Reconstruction
The Reconstruction Amendments: The Essential Documents, Volume 1
The Reconstruction Amendments: The Essential Documents, Volume 2
Natural Law and Human Rights: Toward a Recovery of Practical Reason
The Second Founding: How the Civil War and Reconstruction Remade the Constitution
The Odd Clauses: Understanding the Constitution Through Ten of Its Most Curious Provisions
Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787-1788
Rehabilitating Lochner: Defending Individual Rights against Progressive Reform
The Upside-Down Constitution
The Founders’ Key: The Divine and Natural Connection Between the Declaration and the Constitution and What We Risk by Losing It
Design for Liberty: Private Property, Public Administration, and the Rule of Law
The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution
The Radicalism of the American Revolution
The Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787
The Essential Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers
The Constitution Made Easy: A Tea Partier’s Guide
The U.S. Constitution: A Reader
The Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution
Original Intent: The Courts, the Constitution, & Religion
Logical Foundations of Constitutional Liberty
The Calculus of Consent
Capitalism and Freedom
The Road to Serfdom
The Anti-Federalist Papers And The Constitutional Convention Debates
For more than 40 years, TheCapitol.Net and its predecessor, Congressional Quarterly Executive Conferences, have been teaching professionals from government, military, business, and NGOs about the dynamics and operations of the legislative and executive branches and how to work with them.
Our custom on-site and online training, publications, and audio courses include congressional operations, legislative and budget process, communication and advocacy, media and public relations, testifying before Congress, research skills, legislative drafting, critical thinking and writing, and more.
TheCapitol.Net is on the GSA Schedule, MAS, for custom on-site and online training. GSA Contract GS02F0192X
TheCapitol.Net is a non-partisan small business.
Teaching how Washington and Congress work ™