The Constitution of the United States: Amendment 13 (13th Amendment)
Amendment XIII. (Abolition of Slavery)
Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865.
Note: A portion of Article IV, section 2, of the Constitution was superseded by the 13th amendment.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Slavery and the Constitution
- The Constitution of the United States: Amendments 11-27, from The National Archives
- Thirteenth Amendment – CRS Annotated Constitution
- Thirteenth Amendment – Wikipedia
- Thirteenth Amendment – Findlaw
- The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription – The National Archives
- United States Constitution: Texts, Commentaries, Historical Texts and Judicial Decisions – Law Library of Congress
- The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation – FDsys
- Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, Govinfo.gov
The Genographic Project | National Geographic
- “Federalism and the Constitution: Limits on Congressional Power,” CRS Report RL30315 (31-page PDF)
- “Ratification of Amendments to the U.S. Constitution,” CRS Report 97-922 (7-page PDF)
- “Congress’ Power to Legislate Control Over Hate Crimes,” CRS Report RS22335 (7-page PDF)
- “Trafficking in Persons: U.S. Policy and Issues for Congress,” CRS Report RL34317 (84-page PDF)
- Meta-EE and the Constitution Part 10: Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments
- Abolition of Slavery – Heritage Guide to the Constitution
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