Facial Recognition Technology and Law Enforcement: Select Constitutional Considerations (CRS R46541)

Facial recognition technology (FRT) is a biometric technology that compares two or more images of faces to determine whether they represent the same individual. Automated FRT is increasingly used by law enforcement to help identify criminal suspects and other persons of interest. Law enforcement may use FRT and associated image databases to compare and match … Read more

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Members of Congress (CRS R41121)

After Members of the House or Senate leave office, they are afforded certain courtesies and privileges. Some are derived from law and chamber rules, but others are courtesies that have been extended as a matter of custom. Some of these privileges and courtesies include the following: – access to the floor of the chamber in … Read more

Understanding Federal Legislation: A Section-by-Section Guide to Key Legal Considerations (CRS R46484)

Federal bills are increasingly complex, making them difficult to understand for the average reader and the seasoned practitioner alike. What a congressional drafter understands to be the import of a given provision could later be discussed and interpreted in committee or on the floor of the House or the Senate. If the bill is enacted, … Read more

The Future of Space Tourism (CRS R46500)

Several private companies are developing plans to take paying customers to space on a regular basis. Federal oversight of space tourism has been deliberately light, consistent with the Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-492), in which Congress mandated a “learning period” for companies to develop business models, establish safety standards, and design … Read more

Resources for Tracking Federal COVID-19 Spending (CRS R46491)

Congress has responded to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic with supplemental appropriations measures providing relief and assistance to individuals and families, state and local governments, businesses, health care providers, and other entities. This report provides selected sources for tracking COVID-19 relief and assistance spending. It includes links to and information on government sources detailing … Read more

COVID-19 and China: A Chronology of Events (December 2019-January 2020) (CRS R46354)

In Congress, multiple bills and resolutions have been introduced related to China’s handling of a novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China, that expanded to become the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic. This report provides a timeline of key developments in the early weeks of the pandemic, based on available public reporting. It also considers … Read more

The Prior Practice of Proxy Voting in House Committee (CRS IN11372)

In order to increase physical distancing in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the House scheduled consideration of a resolution during the week of April 20, 2020, that would have temporarily authorized the use of “proxy” voting on the chamber floor. Speaker Nancy Pelosi subsequently indicated that consideration of the resolution was postponed pending an examination … Read more

How America Governs: Essentials of U.S. Governance – For Foreign Diplomats, Embassy Staff, and Interested Citizens

A Capitol Learning Audio CourseTM     For Interested Citizens and Foreign Diplomats and Embassy Staff Three Courses As a foreign diplomat or embassy staff member based in the United States (or as an interested citizen) you need a good understanding of the U.S. government to work effectively. This three-part series of courses introduces you … Read more

How America Governs: Essentials of U.S. Governance – For Foreign Diplomats, Embassy Staff, and Interested Citizens

A Capitol Learning Audio CourseTM     For Interested Citizens and Foreign Diplomats and Embassy Staff Three Courses As a foreign diplomat or embassy staff member based in the United States (or as an interested citizen) you need a good understanding of the U.S. government to work effectively. This three-part series of courses introduces you … Read more