Joint Resolution (CongressionalGlossary.com)

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms

Joint Resolution

A joint resolution, designated H.J. Res. or S.J. Res. Requires the approval of both houses and the signature of the president, just as a bill does, and has the force of law if approved. There is no practical difference between a bill and a joint resolution. A joint resolution generally is used to deal with limited matters, such as a single appropriation.

Joint resolutions also are used to propose amendments to the Constitution in Congress (Article. V.). These do not require presidential signature, but become a part of the Constitution only when approved by two-thirds of each chamber of Congress and ratified by three-fourths of the states. (See also Bill.)

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