A joint resolution, designated H.J. Res. or S.J. Res. Requires the approval of both houses and the signature of the president, just as a bill does, and has the force of law if approved. There is no practical difference between a bill and a joint resolution. A joint resolution generally is used to deal with limited matters, such as a single appropriation.
Joint resolutions also are used to propose amendments to the Constitution in Congress (Article. V.). These do not require presidential signature, but become a part of the Constitution only when approved by two-thirds of each chamber of Congress and ratified by three-fourths of the states. (See also Bill.)
Rules Committee Hearing H.J.Res. 41, 40, 38
- Chapter 2. F. Joint Resolutions in Congressional Procedure
- Bills / Measure / Passed (CongressionalGlossary.com)
- Joint Resolutions – Congress.gov
- Joint Resolutions – Govinfo.gov
- “Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind Is Used,” CRS Report 98-706 (6-page PDF)
- “Senate Rule XIV Procedures for Placing Measures Directly on the Senate Calendar,” CRS Report RS22309 (8-page PDF)
- “Disapproval of Regulations by Congress,” CRS Report RL31160 (25-page PDF)
- “Motions to Recommit in the House,” CRS Report 98-383 (7-page PDF)
- “Joint Resolution Seeks to End U.S. Support for Saudi-led Coalition Military Operations in Yemen,” CRS insight IN10866 (4-page PDF)
- “Introducing a House Bill or Resolution,” CRS Report R44001 (13-page PDF)
- “Legislative Procedure in Congress: Basic Sources for Congressional Staff ,” CRS Report RS21363 (12-page PDF)
- “Enrollment of Legislation: Relevant Congressional Procedures,” CRS Report RL34480 (10-page PDF)
- “Veto Override Procedure in the House and Senate,” CRS Report RS22654 (9-page PDF)
- Congressional Operations Briefing – Capitol Hill Workshop
- Drafting Federal Legislation and Amendments
- Writing for Government and Business: Critical Thinking and Writing
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Citizen’s Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials: A Guide for Citizen Lobbyists and Grassroots Advocates
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