Mid-Term Elections / Casualty List
Mid-term elections / Midterm Elections are the national elections held in November of the even-numbered years between presidential elections. Mid-term election years include 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022, 2026, etc. Presidential elections are held very 4 years, including 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028, etc.
Federal law (2 U.S.C. § 7) designates the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, in even-numbered years, as election day for federal offices. Before election day, in each biennial cycle, the major political parties (and perhaps smaller parties) in each state will have held various kinds of conventions, and many states will have held major-party primaries and perhaps runoffs. Nearly all aspects of election administration are the responsibility of the individual states; Congress has not extensively exercised its constitutional authority to regulate federal election administration.
Congressional Elections: Crash Course Government and Politics #6
Members of Congress who are elected in the biennial federal elections begin their congressional service in the next Congress that starts the following January of the following odd-numbered year. For example, new members elected in November 2018, will begin their service in January 2019, in the First Session of the 116th Congress. See Terms and Sessions of Congress.
Explainer: What Are Midterm Elections?
- Federal Election Commission (FEC)
- “Election Projections: First Amendment Issues,” CRS Report RS20762 (6-page PDF)
- “Congressional Authority to Standardize National Election Procedures,” CRS Report RL30747 (24-page PDF)
- “House Contested Election Cases: 1933 to 2009,” CRS Report 98-194 (62-page PDF)
- “State Election Laws: Overview of Statutes Regarding Emergency Election Postponement Within the State,” CRS Report RS21942 (8-page PDF)
- “Election of the President and Vice President by Congress: Contingent Election,” CRS Report RS20300 (8-page PDF)
- “Postponement and Rescheduling of Elections to Federal Office,” CRS Report RL32623 (23-page PDF)
- “Procedures for Contested Election Cases in the House of Representatives,” CRS Report RL33780 (30-page PDF)
- “The Federal Contested Elections Act: Overview and Recent Contests in the House of Representatives,” CRS InFocus IF11734 (5-page PDF)
- “Election Reform and Electronic Voting Systems (DREs): Analysis of Security Issues,” CRS Report RL32139 (46-page PDF)
- “Executive Branch Power to Postpone Elections,” CRS Report RL32471 (11-page PDF)
- “Elections Reform: Overview and Issues,” CRS Report RS20898 (37-page PDF)
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