Permanent Appropriations (

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms

Permanent Appropriations

From the Permanent Collection of the National Gallery of Greece, by Tilemahos_E

From the Permanent Collection of the National Gallery of Greece, by Tilemahos_E

Permanent Appropriations: Budget authority that becomes available as the result of previously enacted legislation (substantive legislation or prior appropriations act) and does not require current action by Congress. Budget authority is considered to be “current” if provided in the current session of Congress and “permanent” if provided in prior sessions.

Permanent Appropriations, such as those to pay interest on the national debt or to pay the salaries of members of Congress, remain available without additional action by Congress.

A revolving fund, which is a fund established by Congress to finance a cycle of businesslike operations through amounts received by the fund, is a form of permanent appropriation.

For permanent appropriations, OMB and agencies identify PPAs (Program, Project, or Activity) by the program and financing schedules that the president provides in the “Detailed Budget Estimates” in the budget submission for the relevant fiscal year.

Also see Budget Deficit / Budget Surplus; Date Shifting / Fiscal Transparency / Fiscal Illusion; Revolving Fund; Terms and Sessions of Congress; § 7.80 Authorizations and Appropriations Processes, in Congressional Deskbook.




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