Article. V. (Amendment)
The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.
The US Constitutional Amendments: Easy Ways to Remember
Also see Amending the Constitution (CongressionalGlossary.com).
- The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription – The National Archives
- United States Constitution: Texts, Commentaries, Historical Texts and Judicial Decisions – Law Library of Congress
- The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation – FDsys
- Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, Govinfo.gov
- Chapter 8.R. Amending the Constitution in Congressional Procedure
- Article Five of the United States Constitution – Wikipedia
- Article V – Mode of Amendment – Findlaw
- “Victims’ Rights Amendment: Proposals to Amend the United States Constitution in the 106th Congress,” CRS Report RL30525 (58-page PDF)
- “A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options,” CRS Report R41907 (53-page PDF)
- “Flag Protection: A Brief History and Summary of Recent Supreme Court Decisions and Proposed Constitutional Amendment,” CRS Report 95-709 (11-page PDF)
- “Constitutional Conventions: Political and Legal Questions,” CRS Issue Brief IB80062 (27-page PDF)
A free download of our Pocket Constitution is available on Scribd.
Explicit and Authentic Acts: Amending the U.S. Constitution 1776-2015
Encyclopedia of Constitutional Amendments, Proposed Amendments, and Amending Issues, 1789–2010
Amending America: If We Love the Constitution So Much, Why Do We Keep Trying to Change It?
Constitutional Brinksmanship: Amending the Constitution by National Convention
The Five Thousand Year Leap: 28 Great Ideas That Changed the World
The American Patriot’s Almanac: Daily Readings on America
Our Republican Constitution: Securing the Liberty and Sovereignty of We the People
The Federalist Papers
The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Constitution
The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution
The Essential American: 25 Documents and Speeches Every American Should Own
The Founders’ Key: The Divine and Natural Connection Between the Declaration and the Constitution and What We Risk by Losing It
Logical Foundations of Constitutional Liberty
The Reason of Rules: Constitutional Political Economy
Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787-1788
Constitutional Law for Criminal Justice
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