Report / Reported / H. Rept. / S. Rept. (

From the Congressional Glossary – Including Legislative and Budget Terms

Report / Reported

2009 Trafficing In Persons Report Heroes - Benjamin Perrin, Canada, by US Mission Canada
2009 Trafficing In Persons Report Heroes - Benjamin Perrin, Canada, by US Mission Canada

Report / Reported: Formal submission of a measure by a committee to its parent chamber.

Both a verb and a noun as a congressional term. A committee that has been examining a bill referred to it by the parent chamber “reports” its findings and recommendations to the chamber when it completes consideration and returns the measure. The process is called “reporting” a bill.

There are two types of reports:
House and Senate Reports: Reports of congressional committees concerning proposed legislation and/or contain findings on matters under investigation.

Senate Executive Reports: Reports of the Committee on Foreign Relations relating to treaties between the United States and foreign nations which have been submitted to the Senate for ratification, or are reports of various Senate committees regarding nomination of individuals. See Executive Business and Executive Calendar.

A “report” is the document setting forth the committee’s explanation of its action. Senate and House reports are numbered separately and are designated S. Rept. (Senate Report) or H. Rept. (House Report). For example, S. Rept. 112-44 was the 44th Senate committee report filed in the 112th Congress. Executive reports in the Senate are designated Exec. Rept.

In the House, reports are required, while in the Senate they are not. When a committee report is not unanimous, the dissenting committee members may file a statement of their views, called minority views and referred to as a minority report. Members in disagreement with some provisions of a bill may file additional or supplemental views. Sometimes a bill is reported without a committee recommendation.

Legislative committees occasionally submit adverse reports. However, when a committee is opposed to a bill, it usually fails to report the bill at all. Some laws require that committee reports – favorable or adverse – be made.

Also see


Word for Word: Senate hearing on Clinton Email Investigation (C-SPAN)







Legislative Drafter's Deskbook: A Practical Guide

Legislative Drafter’s Deskbook: A Practical Guide

Pocket Constitution

Pocket Constitution

Citizen's Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials

Citizen’s Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials: A Guide for Citizen Lobbyists and Grassroots Advocates

Congressional Procedure

Congressional Procedure, from TheCapitol.Net

For more than 40 years, TheCapitol.Net and its predecessor, Congressional Quarterly Executive Conferences, have been teaching professionals from government, military, business, and NGOs about the dynamics and operations of the legislative and executive branches and how to work with them.

Our custom on-site and online training, publications, and audio courses include congressional operations, legislative and budget process, communication and advocacy, media and public relations, testifying before Congress, research skills, legislative drafting, critical thinking and writing, and more.

TheCapitol.Net is on the GSA Schedule, MAS, for custom on-site and online training. GSA Contract GS02F0192X

TheCapitol.Net is now owned by the Sunwater Institute.

Teaching how Washington and Congress work ™

Select publications from TheCapitol.Net