photo credit: ☺ Lee J Haywood
The compromise product negotiated by the conference committee. The “conference report,” which is printed and available to Senators, is submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval. The conference report contains a formal statement of the procedural actions the conferees took and the formal legislative language the conferees propose.
A conference report is an agreement on legislation that is negotiated between the House and Senate via conference committees. It is printed and submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.
An amendment to Rule XXVIII of the Standing Rules of the Senate states:
9. (a)(1) It shall not be in order to vote on the adoption of a report of a committee of conference unless such report has been available to Members and to the general public for at least 48 hours before such vote. If a point of order is sustained under this paragraph, then the conference report shall be set aside.
Normally, conference reports are printed and made available online in the Congressional Record the day after they have been filed. In those cases when GPO is unable to print a conference report the next day, GPO will scan the manuscript and post the searchable PDF of the manuscript on this web page. Otherwise, links to the conference reports as they appear in the Congressional Record will be posted.
Rules Committee Hearing Conference Report to accompany H.R. 5515
Links to each conference report will be date and time stamped to establish when the conference report was first made available to the public online. If a conference report is scanned as manuscript, that version will be superseded when the conference report is made available in the Congressional Record. Links to a conference report in the Congressional Record will be superseded when the conference report is made available in the congressional reports database.
Although the PDF of the scanned manuscript of a conference report will be searchable, handwritten notes or other illegible text may or may not be completely searchable. Regardless, the image of the handwritten notes, etc., will be captured in the PDF of the scanned manuscript.
- Conference Reports – GPO
- Chapter 6.B. Resolving Differences; Chapter 6.E. Conference Reports; in Congressional Procedure
- Understanding Report Language and Legislative History
- Joint Explanatory Statement of Managers
- “Conference Reports and Joint Explanatory Statements,” CRS Report for Congress 98-382 (5-page PDF)
- “Floor Consideration of Conference Reports in the Senate,” CRS Report 98-737 (8-page PDF)
- “Floor Consideration of Conference Reports in the House,” CRS Report 98-736 (3-page PDF)
- “Conference Committee and Related Procedures,” CRS Report 96-708 (16-page PDF)
- “Fiscal Year 2018 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues,” CRS Report R44923 (26-page PDF)
- “Introduction to the Legislative Process in the U.S. Congress,” CRS Report R42843 (18-page PDF)
- “Resolving Legislative Differences in the Congress: Conference Committees and Amendments Between the Houses,” CRS Report 98-696 (40-page PDF)
- “Senate Rules Restricting the Content of Conference Reports,” CRS Report RS22733 (9-page PDF)
- “How Measures Are Brought to the Senate Floor: A Brief Introduction,” CRS Report RS20668 (10-page PDF)
- “Introducing a House Bill or Resolution,” CRS Report R44001 (13-page PDF)
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